Directory

Prof. Melody CHAO

Prof. Melody CHAO

Associate Professor,
Associate Director (Undergraduate Programs)

mchao@ust.hk

Academic Qualifications

  • Ph.D. Universti of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, Social Psychology
  • M.A. Univreisty of Illinois, Urbana-Campagin, Social Psychology
  • B.A. University of California, Berkeley, Psychology

 


ACADEMIC AND PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE

  • The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Department of Management, Associate Professor, since July 2015; Assistant Professor, July 2009 - June 2015.

  • The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, School of Business and Management, Associate Director (Undergraduate Programs), since July 2018.


PUBLICATIONS

Refereed Journal Publications (Chronological, alphabetical)

  • Magni, F., Gong, Y., & Chao, M. M. In press. A longditudinal examination of the reciprocal relationship between goal orientation and performance: The mediating role of self-efficacy. Personality and Individual Differences.

  • Brienza, J., Kung, F., & Chao, M. M. In press. Wise reasoning, intergroup positivity, and attitude polarization across contexts. Nature Communications.

  • Lian, H., Huai, M., Farh, J. L., Huang, J. C., Lee, C., & Chao, M. M. (2020). Leader unethical pro-organizational behavior and employee unethical conduct: Social learning of moral disengagement as a behavioral principle. Journal of Management, 014920632095969. https://doi.org/10.1177/0149206320959699

  • Van Assche, J., Moor, M., Dierckx, K., Saleem, M., Bouchat, P., De Guissme, L., Bostyn, D., Carew, M., Ernst-Vintila, A., & Chao, M. M. 2020. Can psychological interventions improve intergroup attitudes post terror attacks? Social Psychological and Personality Science. https://doi.org/10.1177/1948550619896139

  • Fong, L. H. N., He, H., Chao, M. M., Leandro, G., & King, D. 2019. Cultural essentialism and tailored hotel service. International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJCHM-11-2018-0910

  • He, H., Chao, M. M., & Zhu, W. 2019. Cause-related marketing and employee engagement: The roles of follower implicit morality beliefs, moral identity, and admiration. Journal of Business Research, 95, 83-92.

  • Kung, F. Y. H., & Chao, M. M. 2019. The impact of mixed emotions on creativity in negotiation: An interpersonal perspective. Frontiers in Psychology. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2018.02660

  • Yao, J. D., & Chao, M. M. 2019. When forgiveness signals power: Effects of forgiveness expression and forgiver gender. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 45, 310-324. https://doi.org/10.1177/0146167218784904

  • Yao, J. D., Chao, M. M., & Leung, A.K. 2019. When essentialism facilitates intergroup conflict resolution: The positive role of perspective-taking. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1177/0022022119835058

  • Kung, F. Y. H., Chao, M. M., Yao, D. J., Adair, W.L., Fu, J. H., & Tasa, K. 2018. Bridging racial divides: Social constructionist (vs. essentialist) beliefs facilitate trust in intergroup contexts. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 74: 121-134. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jesp.2017.09.008

  • Chao, M. M.#, Visaria, S.#, Mukhopadhyay, A., & Dehejia, R. 2017. Do rewards reinforce the growth mindset?: Joint effects of the growth mindset and incentive schemes in a field intervention. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 146: 1402-1419. (# Equal contribution)

  • Zhang, Z., Wei, X., Chao, M.M., & Zheng, Y. 2017. When do conflicts feel right for prevention-focused individuals? The debiasing effect of low need for closure. Management and Organization Review. doi: 10.1017/mor.2017.7

  • Chao, M. M., Takeuchi, R., & Farh, J. L. 2017. Enhancing cultural intelligence: The roles of implicit culture beliefs and adjustment. Personnel Psychology 70: 257-292.

  • Visaria, S., Dehejia, R., Chao, M.M., & Mukhopadhyay, A. 2016. Unintended negative consequences of rewards for student effort: Results from a field experiment in Indian classrooms. Economics of Education Review, 54: 173-184.

  • Chao, M.M., Kung, F.Y.H., & Yao, D. 2015. Cultures synergize, cultures collide: The paradoxical effects of multicultural exposure. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 47: 78-88.

  • Feldman, G., Chao, M.M., Farh, J., & Bardi, A. 2015. The motivation and inhibition of breaking the rules: Personal values structures predict unethicality. Journal of Research in Personality, 59: 69-80.

  • Zhu, W., He, H., Trevino, L., Chao, M.M., Wang, W., & Liu, S. 2015. Ethical leadership and follower voice and performance: The role of follower identifications and entity Morality Beliefs. Leadership Quarterly. DOI: doi:10.1016/j.leaqua.2015.01.004

  • Chao, M.M., & Kung, F.Y.H. 2015. An essentialism perspective of intercultural processes. Asian Journal of Social Psychology, 18: 91-100.

  • Chao, M. M., & Wong, J.K.W. 2014. Culture and everyday sense-making. Asian Journal of Social Psychology, 13, 44-52.

  • Chao, M.M., Hong, Y., & Chiu, C. 2013. Essentializing race: Its implication on racial categorization. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 104: 619-634.

  • Chao, M. M., Chiu, C., Chan, W., Mendoza-Denton, R., & Kwok, C. 2013. The model minority as a shared reality and its implication for interracial perceptions. Asian American Journal of Psychology, 4: 84-92.

  • Tadmor, C., Chao, M., Hong, Y., Polzer, J.T. 2013. Not just for stereotyping anymore: Racial essentialism reduces domain-general creativity. Psychological Science, 24: 99-105.

  • Tam, K., Lee, S., & Chao, M.M. 2013. Saving Mr. Nature: Anthropomorphism enhances connectedness to and protectiveness toward nature. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 49: 514-521.

  • Chao, M. M., Chiu, C., Chan, W., Mendoza-Denton, R., & Kwok, C. 2012. The implications of exposure to the "model minority" ideal to self and racial perceptions. Asian American Journal of Psychology. doi: 10.1037/a0028769.

  • Hong, Y., & Chao, M. M. 2012. Steps to building a good theory. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 44: 138-141.

  • Tadmor, C., Hong, Y., Chao, M.M., Wiruchnipawan, F. & Wang, W. 2012. Multicultural experiences reduce intergroup bias through epistemic unfreezing. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 103: 750-772.

  • Tam, K., Lee, S., Kim, Y., Li, Y., & Chao, M.M. 2012. Intersubjective model of value transmission: Parents using perceived norms as reference when socializing children. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 1041-1052.

  • Kashima, Y., Shi, J., Tsuchiya, K., Kashima, E.S., Cheng, S.Y.Y., Chao, M.M., & Shin, S. 2011. Globalization and folk theory of social change: How globalization relates to societal perceptions about the past and future. Journal of Social Issues, 67: 696-715.

  • Cheng, S. Y., Rosner, J. L., Chao, M.M., Peng, S., Chen, X., Li, Y., Kwong, J.Y., Hong, Y., & Chiu, C. 2011. One world, one dream? Intergroup consequences of the 2008 Beijing Olympics. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 35: 296-306.

  • Chao, M., Okazaki, S., & Hong, Y. 2011. The quest for multicultural competence: Challenges and lessons learned from clinical and organizational research. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 5: 263-274.

  • Cheng, Y-y., Chao, M. M., Kwong, J., Peng, S., Chen, X., Kashima, Y., & Chiu, C-y. 2010. The good old days and a better tomorrow: Historical representations and future imaginations of China during the 2008 Olympic Games. Asian Journal of Social Psychology, 13: 118-127.

  • Rosner, J. L., Li, Y., Chao, M. M., & Hong, Y. 2010. One world, just a dream? Effects of the Beijing Olympic icon on perceived differences between Eastern and Western culture. Asian Journal of Social Psychology, 13: 139-151.

  • Chao, M. M., Chiu, C., & Lee, J.S. 2010. Asians as the model minority: Implications for U.S. government's policies. Asian Journal of Social Psychology, 13: 44-52.

  • Chao, M.M., Zhang, Z-X., & Chiu, C. 2010. Adherence to perceived norms across cultural boundaries: The role of need for cognitive closure and ingroup identification. Group Processes and Intergroup Relations, 13: 69-89.

  • Hong, Y., Chao, M. M., Yang, Y., & Rosner, J.R. 2010. A socially grounded approach to test theories in psychology: Experiences from conducting social identity research. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 42: 1-15.

Book Chapters

  • Chao, M.M., & Kesebir, P. 2013. Meaning in Life: A cultural perspective. In C. Routledge & J. Hicks (Eds.), The Experience of Meaning in Life: Perspectives Emerging Themes, and Controversies: 317-332. New York: Springer Press.

  • Chao, M.M., & Chiu, C. 2011. Culture as norm representations: The case of collective responsibility attribution. In A. K-y. Leung, C. Chiu, & Y. Hong (Eds.), Cultural processes: A social psychological perspective: 65-80. New York: Cambridge University Press.

  • Chao, M.M., & Chiu, C. 2011. Epistemic functions of culture. In A. K-y. Leung, C-y. Chiu, & Y. Hong (Eds.), Cultural processes: A social psychological perspective: 81-95. New York: Cambridge University Press.

  • No, S., Wan, C., Chao, M.M., Rosner, J., & Hong, Y. 2011. Bicultural identity negotiation. In A. K-y. Leung, C. Chiu, & Y. Hong (Eds.), Cultural processes: A social psychological perspective: 213-241. New York: Cambridge University Press.

More Publications


SELECTED RECENT CONFERENCE PRESENTATIONS

  • Chau, M., Chao, M. M., & Liu, W. 2021 (to be presented). Detecting emotional distress from text. Emergent Research Forum presentation at the Annual Americas Conference on Information Systems (AMCIS), Online.

  • Magni, F., Park, J., & Chao, M. M. 2021 (to be presented). The bias in creativity evaluation of artificial intelligence. Paper presentation at the Virtual 81st Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management, Online.

  • Tadmor, C., Chao, M. M., & Hong, Y. 2021 (to be presented). The effects of multicultural experience on social tolerance during times of crisis. Symposium presentation at the Virtual 81st Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management, Online.

  • Brienza, J., Kung, F., & Chao, M. M. 2021 (to be presented). Wise reasoning in polarized societal conflicts. Symposium presentation at the 14th Biannual Conference of the Asian Association of Social Psychology, Seoul, Korea.

  • Chao, M. M., Luk, C. T., Fu, H., & Hui, P. 2021 (to be presented). Cross-country scale invariance of Hostede’s values, implicit culture belief, and need for closure. Paper presentation at the 25th International Congress of the International Association for Cross-Cultural Psychology, Online.

  • Fu, H., Chao, M. M., & Hui, P. 2021 (to be presented). Forestalling the inevitable? Belief in conflict inevitability and dispute resolution system adoption. Paper presentation at the 32rd International Congress of Psychology, Prague, Czech Republic.

  • Chao, M. M. 2021. Experimental research in IM. Panel Presentation at the Academy of International Business Conference, Online.

  • Fu, H., Chao, M. M., & Hui, P. 2020. Implicit belief of conflict and adoption of dispute resolution system. Paper presentation at 2020 Academy of International Business Southeast Asian Regional Conference. Online.

  • Magni, F., Chao, M. M., & Park, J. 2020. Creativity evaluation of artificial intelligence products. Paper presentation at the 36th European Group for Organizational Studies (EGOS) Colloquium, Hamburg, Germany.

  • Nanakdewa, K., Chao, M. M., & Savani, K. 2019. Seeing colorblindness clearly: Aligning the measurement of diversity ideologies with theory. Symposium presentation at the 79th Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management, Boston, MA.

  • Lam, E.Q.Y., & Chao, M. M. 2019, August. Cultural blunders or opportunities? The effect of a growth mindset intervention on cultural intelligence. Symposium presentation at the 79th Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management, Boston, MA.

  • Brienza, J., Kung, F.Y.H., & Chao, M. M. 2019. Wise reasoning moderates reactions toward the outgroup after exposure to media reports of intergroup conflict. Symposium presentation at the 2019 International Association for Conflict Management Conference, Dublin, Ireland.

  • Cho, J., Zhang, R., Chao, M. M., & Morris, M. 2019. Liberals and conservatives in the United States differently judge cultural appropriation. Paper presentation at the 2019 Annual Scientific Meeting of the International Society of Political Psychology, Lisbon, Portugal.

  • Lee, S.S., Chao, M. M., & He, H. 2019. Gender inequality = Women issue?: Understanding inequality from a social consensus perspective. Paper presentation at the 2019 Annual Scientific Meeting of the International Society of Political Psychology, Lisbon, Portugal.

  • Nanakdewa, K., Chao, M. M., & Savani, K. 2019. Seeing colorblindness clearly: Aligning the measurement of diversity ideologies with theory. Paper presentation at the 2019 Annual Scientific Meeting of the International Society of Political Psychology, Lisbon, Portugal.

  • Kung, F. Y. H., Chao, M. M., Adair, W. L., Fu, J., & Tasa, K. 2019. The role of malleable culture beliefs in improving intercultural negotiation outcomes. Symposium presentation at the 34th Annual Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology Conference, Washington, D.C.

  • Lee, S.S., Chao, M. M., & He, H. (2019, February). Gender inequality = Her issue?: Understanding inequality from a social consensus perspective. Data blitz presentation at the Gender Preconference for the 2019 Society for Personality and Social Psychology Convention, Portland, OR.

  • Choi, Y., Park, J., Chao, M. M., Beejinkhuu, U., & Sohn, Y.W. 2018. Work orientations, cultures, and life satisfaction in mongolia: The Mediating Role of Leader-Member Exchange. Paper presentation at the 2018 International Association for Cross-Cultural Psychology Congress, Guelph, Canada.

  • *Park, J., Choi, Y., Chao, M. M., Beejinkhuu, U., & Sohn, Y.W. 2018. Jobs, careers, and callings: Do the work orientations apply to Mongolia?. The RISE Research Award symposium presentation at the 30th Annual Convention of the Association for Psychological Science, San Francisco, CA.

    • *RISE Research Award, Association for Psychological Science

  • Lee, S.S., & Chao, M. M. 2018. Effect of inequality frames on gender pay gap. Paper presentation at the 2018 Annual Asian Management Research Consortium, Seoul, Korea.

  • Chao, M. M., Visaria, S., Mukhopadhyay, A., & Dehejia, R. (2018, February). Do rewards reinforce the growth mindset?: Joint effects of the growth mindset and incentive schemes in a field intervention. Symposium presentation at the 2018 Annual Winter Conference of the Society of Consumer Psychology, Dallas, TX.

  • Chao, M.M. 2017. Translating research into practice: The role of our social and ideological assumptions. Biannual Conference of Asian Association of Social Psychology, Auckland, New Zealand.(Invited presentation)

  • Chao, M.M., Kung, F.Y.H., & Brienza, J. 2017. Managing diversity from a wise-reasoning perspective. Symposium presentation at the 2017 Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management, Atlanta, GA.

  • Chao, M.M., Brienza, J.P., & Kung, F.Y.H. 2016. When multiculturalism backfires: From cultural ideologies to organizational outcomes. International Association for Cross-Cultural Psychology 23rd International Congress, Nagoya, Japan. (Invited presentation)

  • Kung, F.Y.H., Brienza, J., & Chao, M.M. 2016. Diversity policies reconsidered: The effects of implicit beliefs on multicultural and colorblind practices. Symposium presentation at the 2016 Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management, Anaheim, CA.

  • Lian, H., Huai, M., Farh, J., Huang, J., & Chao, M.M. 2016. Leader UPB and employee unethical conduct: A moral disengagement perspective. Paper presentation at the 2016 Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management, Anaheim, CA.

    • Best Paper Proceedings of the 2016 Academy of Management Meeting

  • Yao, D., & Chao, M.M. 2016. When forgiveness backfires: The joint effect of forgiveness expressions and victim gender. Paper presentation at the 2016 Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management, Anaheim, CA.

    • Best Paper Proceedings of the 2016 Academy of Management Meeting

  • Kung, F. Y. H., Chao, M. M., & Adair, W. L. 2016. To boost intercultural trust and negotiation gains, change negotiators’ beliefs of cultural malleability. Symposium presentation at the 29th Annual Conference of the International Association for Conflict Management, New York, NY.

  • Brienza, J., Kung, F.Y.H., & Chao, M.M. 2016. Loving your “enemies”: Wise reasoning and reduced outgroup hate. Symposium presentation at the Association for Psychological Science 28th Annual Convention, Chicago, IL.

  • Takeuchi, R., Chao, M.M., & Yu, N.Y. 2015. The roles of general and culture specific performance avoidance goal orientations on sojourner creativity: A four-wave, time-lagged investigation. Presented at the Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management, Vancouver, BC.

  • Yao, D., Chao, M.M., Chattopadhyay, R., & George, E. 2015. How does dissimilarity make a difference? A multiple processes model of relational demography. To be presented at the Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management, Vancouver, BC.

  • Yao, D., Chao, M.M., & Leung, A.K. 2015. Managing conflicts in a multicultural environment: The role of perspective taking and implicit culture beliefs. Symposium presentation at the Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management, Vancouver, BC.

  • Kung, F.Y.H., Chao, M.M., Yao, D., & Fu, J. F. 2015. The implications of cultural essentialism on interpersonal conflicts in intra- vs. intercultural contexts. Symposium presentation at the 16th Annual Meeting of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, Long Beach, CA.


REVIEW ACTIVITIES

  • Associate Editor

    • Journal of Business Research (2020 - present)

    • Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology (2020 - present)

  • Member of Editorial Board:

    • Asian Journal of Social Psychology (2014 - present)

    • Management and Organization Review (2013 - present)

    • Frontiers in Psychology (February 2016 - present)

    • Journal of Personality and Social Psychology (2019 - present)

    • Personnel Psychology (2019 - present)

  • Ad Hoc Reviewer (selected)

    • Academy of Management Journal

    • Applied Psychology: An International Review

    • Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology

    • Developmental Psychology

    • Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology

    • Journal of Experimental Social Psychology

    • Journal of Personality

    • Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes

    • Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin

    • PlosOne

    • Psychology Bulletin

    • Social Psychological and Personality Science

  • Grant review

    • National Science Foundation, USA

    • University of Macau Multi-Year Research Grant, Macau


RESEARCH INTERESTS

  • Globalization; Multicultural psychology

  • Organizational behavior; Normative judgments

  • Group processes and intergroup relations


FUNDED PROJECTS

Researh Grants

  • Understanding Dispute Resolution Practices in Emerging Economies (2018-2020). Funded by Institute of Emerging Market Studies, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology. Role: Principal Investigator (HK$300,000).

  • A wise reasoning perspective to intergroup relations (2017-2020). Funded by Research Grants Council General Research Fund, Hong Kong SAR Government. Role: Principal Investigator (HK$773,500).

  • Negotiating Across Cultural Boundaries: The Roles of Essentialist Beliefs and Social Identity (2014-2017). Funded by Research Grants Council General Research Fund, Hong Kong SAR Government. Role: Principal Investigator (HK$497,000).

  • Cultural distance: Its implications to cognitive processes and sojourner adjustment outcomes Principal (2010-2012), funded by Research Grants Council Direct Allocation Grant, Hong Kong SAR Government. Role: Principal Investigator (HK$187,000).

  • Sojourner adjustment: A lay theory perspective (2011-2013). Funded by RGC General Research Fund. Role: Principal investigator (HK$269,129).

Teaching Grants

  • Ethics education among HKUST Business School Undergraduate (2013-2015). Funded by Center for Enhanced Learning and Teaching (CELT), The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology. Role: Project leader (HK$200,000).

  • Intercultural skills development among HKUST Business School Undergraduate: A longitudinal investigation (2010-2012). Funded by Innovative assessment of learning outcomes (IALO) 2009-2010, VPAAO, The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology. Role: Project leader (HK$475,876).


HONORS AND AWARDS

  • 2020. Association for Psychological Science (APS) Fellow

  • 2014. The Seisoh Sukemune/Bruce Bain Encouragement of Early Career Research Award by International Council of Psychologists.

  • 2013. The Michael Harris Bond Award for Early Research Contributions by Asian Association of Social Psychology.

  • 2013. Early Career Award by International Academy of Intercultural Research.